As salamu aleycum wa rahmatullahi wa barakatuhu,
Unless you are a Persian, my title to you would seem like an occult chant or for sure pretty baffling 😕 . For me it is the most wondrously exemplified description of my beloved prophet’s (may peace and blessings be upon him) role. Tu barae wasl kardan amadi; Ni barae fasl kardan amadi means –
T”hou camest to the world to unite, not to divide.”
The very core of Islamic history is marked by unity, brotherhood, Spirit of organization, undaunted courage in moral and spiritual life. And the best example encompassing all of these is the day of Aashoora.
Aashoora the 10th of Muharram is sacred and divine for a myriad of reasons.
1. Allah (Subhanahu wa Ta’ala) accepted the repentance of Sayyidina Adam (‘Alaihis-Salaam) after his exile from Paradise – Hence a great stress is laid about repenting on this blessed day.
O you who have believed, repent to Allah with sincere repentance. Perhaps your Lord will remove from you your misdeeds and admit you into gardens beneath which rivers flow [on] the Day when Allah will not disgrace the Prophet and those who believed with him. Their light will proceed before them and on their right; they will say, “Our Lord, perfect for us our light and forgive us. Indeed, You are over all things competent.”[Surah-66-At-tahrim:Verse 8]
2. Allah (Subhanahu wa Ta’ala) saved Sayyidina Nuh (‘Alaihis-Salaam) and his companions in the ark.
3. Allah extinguished the fire in which Sayyidina Ibrahim (‘Alaihis-Salaam) was thrown by Nimrod.
4. Allah (Subhanahu wa Ta’ala) spoke directly to Sayyidina Musa (‘Alaihis-Salaam) and gave him the Commandments.
5. Sayyidina Ayyub (‘Alaihis-Salaam) was restored to health (from leprosy).
6. Sayyidina Yusuf (‘Alaihis-Salaam) was reunited with his father Ya’qub (‘Alaihis-Salaam).
7. Sayyidina Yunus (‘Alaihis-Salaam) was taken out from the belly of the fish.
8. The sea was divided as the nation of israel was delivered from captivity and Pharoah’s army was destroyed.
9. Aashoora is also the day when the kingdom of Sulaiman (‘Alaihis-Salaam) was restored.
10.Sayyidina Isa (‘Alaihis-Salaam) was raised to Jannah.
11. Sayyidina al- Imam Hussain (Radiyallahu ‘anh) (the Holy Nabi’s, Sal Allahu alaihi wa Aalihi wa Sallim, grandson) achieved the honor of Martyrdom.
Aashoora is an excellent opportunity for repentance as this was the very day when Adam (‘Alaihis-Salaam) and Yunus (‘Alaihis-Salaam) were granted forgiveness. It is encouraged to make
The dua that Yunus (‘Alaihis-Salaam) made :
la illaha illa Anta Subhanak, inni kuntu min adh–dhalimeen
(There is no God but You; Glory be to You, Truly I have been one of the wrongdoers)
[Surah al-Anbiyah, 21: 87]
Sa’d ibn Waqas (radiAllahu anhu) reported that the Prophet (salAllahu allayhi wasalam) said, “The supplication made by the Companion of the Fish (Prophet Yunus (as)) in the belly of the fish was (the above). If any Muslim supplicates in these words, his supplication will be accepted/responded to.”
In another report we read, “I know words that will cause Allah to remove one’s distress. These are the words (of supplication) of my brother Yunus, peace be upon him”
[at-Tirmidhi; 3500, an-Nisa’i in `Amal al-yawmi wa al-layla; #656, al-Hakim 1:505 and 2:383. The latter declared it sound (sahih) and Dhahabi confirmed him]
The dua Musa(‘Alaihis-Salaam) made:
Qāla Rabbi ‘Innī Žalamtu Nafsī Fāghfir Lī Faghafara Lahu ‘Innahu Huwa Al-Ghafūru Ar-Raĥīmu
He said, “My Lord, indeed I have wronged myself, so forgive me,” and He forgave him. Indeed, He is the Forgiving, the Merciful. [Surah-28-Al-Qasas: Verse 16]
Another amazing dua for forgiveness which i usually recite after viewing Brother Wisam Sharieff’s video on Quran Weekly about – “HOW TO APOLOGISE TO ALLAH” 8)
Rabbanā Žalamnā ‘Anfusanā Wa ‘In Lam Taghfir Lanā Wa Tarĥamnā Lanakūnanna Mina Al-Khāsirīna
“Our Lord, we have wronged ourselves, and if You do not forgive us and have mercy upon us, we will surely be among the losers.”
Our Beloved Prophet (Sallallahu ‘alayhi wa Sallam) encouraged fasting on the day of Aashoora. 🙂
Mu’awiyah ibn Abu Sufyan (Radiyallahu ‘anh) relates: I heard the Messenger of Allah (Subhanahu wa Ta’ala) say: “It is the day of ‘Ashura. Allah (Subhanahu wa Ta’ala) has not made fasting obligatory for you. But I am fasting. He who likes to observe fast among you should do so, and he who likes not to observe it (does not have to) observe it.” [Sahih Muslim]
Abu Qatada (Radiyallahu ‘anh) relates that the Holy Prophet (Sallallahu ‘alayhi wa Sallam) said that the fast on the 10th of Muharram atones for the sins of the preceding year. [Sahih Muslim]Abu Huraira (Radiyallahu ‘anh) reports that the Holy Prophet (Sallallahu ‘alayhi wa Sallam) said that after Ramadan, the fasts of Muharram have the greatest excellence. [Sahih Muslim]
InshaAllah, Allah (Subhanahu wa Ta’ala) will soon bless us to see next year. The first month of which is Muharram. In which is the excellent day—the day of ‘Aashoora—which falls on the 10th of Muharram. The beloved rasool (Sallallahu ‘alayhi wa Sallam) apart from recommending that we fast on this day, by his Sunnah also indicated how we should observe the fast of ‘Aashoora.
Hakam ibn Al-Arat (Radiyallahu ‘anh) relates: I went to Ibn Abbas (Radiyallahu ‘anh) I said to him: Tell me about fasting on ‘Ashura. He said, “When you seen the new moon of Muharram count the (days) and (begin to) observe fast on the 9th.” I said to him: “Is it how the Holy Messenger of Allah (Sallallahu ‘alayhi wa Sallam) observed the fast?” He said, “Yes.” [Sahih Muslim]
Hazrat Ibn Abbas (Radiyallahu ‘anh) reports that our beloved rasool (Sall Allahu alaihi wa Aalihi wa Sallim) arrived in Madinah and found the Jews observing fast on the day of ‘Aashoora. They said: “It is the day of great (significance) when Allah delivered Hazrat Musa (‘Alaihis-Salaam) and his people and drowned Pharoah and his people, and Sayyidina Musa (‘Alaihis-Salaam) observed fast out of gratitude. And we also observe it.” The Holy Messenger of Allah (Sall Allahu alaihi wa Aalihi wa Sallim) responded: “We have more right, and we have closer connection with Sayyidina Musa (‘Alaihis-Salaam) than you have”; so Allah’s Messenger (Sall Allahu alaihi wa Aalihi wa Sallim) observed fast (on the day of ‘Ashura) and gave us orders to observe it. [Sahih Bukhari and Muslim]
It’s been mentioned in the ahadith that our beloved rasool (Sall Allahu alaihi wa Aalihi wa Sallim) had intended to fast on the 9th of Muharram as well.
Hazrat Ibn Abbas (Radiyallahu ‘anh) relates that when the Holy Nabi (Sall Allahu alaihi wa Aalihi wa Sallim) said: “If I survive till next year, I will definitely observe fast on the 9th of Muharram (as well).” [Sahih Muslim]
(Note: What the Holy Nabi (Sall Allahu alaihi wa Aalihi wa Sallim) meant was that he would also fast on the 9th as well as the 10th to which he was accustomed. We also should try fasting on the 9th and the 10th of Muharram.)
Ibn `Abbaas (Radiyallahu ‘anh) said:
“The next year did not come except that the Messenger (Sall Allahu alaihi wa Aalihi wa Sallim) had passed away.”
Regarding this hadith Imam shafi’i (raheemAllah) said :“Some of the scholars have said: ‘Perhaps the reason for fasting on the ninth and the tenth is that so it does not resemble the Jews in their singling out of the tenth.’ ”[Sharh Saheeh Muslim Li-Nawawee]
The Quraish used to observe fast on this day in the time of Jahilliya because they had committed a great sin and fasting on the day of Aashoora was a mean to negate that sin, and hence our beloved rasool ( Sall Allahu alaihi wa Aalihi wa Sallim) used to observe fast on this day way before prophethood.
Yahya related to me from Malik from Hisham ibn Urwa from his father that A’isha, the wife of the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said, “The day of Ashura was a day the Quraysh used to fast in the jahiliyya, and the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, used also to fast it during the jahiliyya. Then when the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, came to Madina he fasted it and ordered that it be fasted. Then Ramadan was made obligatory, and that became the fard instead of Ashura, but whoever wanted to, fasted it, and whoever did not want to, did not fast it.” [Muwatta , Book 18, Number 18.11.33]
One should do as much ibadah as possible because the reward one gets is manifold.Worship Allah (Subhanahu wa Ta’ala) as much as you can on ‘Aashoora.
1. Whoever fasts on this day is like one who fasts all his life.
2. Whoever clothes a naked person Allah (Subhanahu wa Ta’ala) will release him from a painful punishment.
3. He who visits a sick person, Allah (Subhanahu wa Ta’ala) will grant him a reward that will not be decreased.
4. Whoever places his hand on an orphan’s head, or feeds a hungry person or gives water to a thirsty man, Allah will feed him a feast from Paradise and will quench his thirst with Salsabil (a wine that does not intoxicate).
5. Whoever takes a Ghusl on this day will enjoy excellent health and freedom from sickness and indolence.
6. Whoever provides generously for his family on this day, Allah (Subhanahu wa Ta’ala) will be generous to him throughout this year.
7. And whoever applies Kuhl to his eyes will never suffer from eye-sore again, Insha’Allah al-Aziz.
O’ Allah! Bless us to perform good deeds and gain their reward on ‘Aashoora. I inshaAllah intend to fast on the 9th and 10th of this Muharram in strong belief of Allah’s mercy that my fasts will be accepted and my previous year’s sins expiated. I also urge my family and all other blessed servants of Ar-Rahman to this act of obedience. May we all benefit from the reward.
Yahya related to me from Malik that he had heard that Umar ibn al-Khattab had sent (the following message) to al-Harith ibn Hisham, ”Tomorrow is the day of Ashura, so fast (it) and tell your family to fast (also).” [Muwatta , Book 18, Number 18.11.33]
In preparation for the hereafter