Tafseer of Surah Yaseen: Intro & Ayahs 1-4

AYAH 1

Transliteration
Ya-seen
Sahih International
Ya, Seen.

AYAH 2

Transliteration
Walqur-ani alhakeem
Sahih International
By the wise Qur’an.

AYAH 3

Transliteration
Innaka lamina almursaleen
Sahih International
Indeed you, [O Muhammad], are from among the messengers,

AYAH 4

Transliteration
AAala siratin mustaqeem
Sahih International
On a straight path.

TAFSEER NOTES

  • How to sustain the growth during Ramadan?? Instead of treating Ramadan as task at hand without any intentions for future – we should have visions and goals that we intend to follow throughout the year – inshaAllah

Innamal a’malu binniyat
“Actions are dependent upon their intentions”

  • Prophet salAllahu aleyhi wasallam through his great wisdom is telling us

You will get out of an action depending on the intention with which you go into it”
Hence if your goals are only ramadan based your actions will end with ramadan – if the focus and goals were for an improvement that would last throughout the year by praying 5 times a day, by reading an extra juzz,by utilizing barakah of time and shaytan being locked up – the results will inshaAllah last throughout the year.

  • This Ramadan inshaAllah an indepth study of Surah Yasin Along with byhearting 4 – 5 ayaahs everyday – Its a lot easier than we think – Allah says in the Quran

Surah 54 Al-Qamar : Verse 17
“Walaqad yassarna alqur-ana liththikrifahal min muddakir”
And We have certainly made the Qur’an easy for remembrance, so is there any who will remember?

  • But there is a condition for Qur’an being easy for you “ Al-Dhikr” meaning Remembrance of Allah, therefore whoever approaches Qur’an for anything other than the remembrance of Allah – the Qur’an wont be easy for him/her.
  • Surah Yaseen is a Meccan Surah which focuses on “All Meccan Revelation” – All Meccan Surahs Focuss on 3 main beliefs
    a) Belief in Oneness of Allah
    b) Belief in the Prophethood of Muhammad (SalAllahu aleyhi wasallam)
    c) Third focal theme of belief is about the life of the hereafter
  • Surat Yaseen’s placement in the mushaff is – 36th Surah – followed by Surat Sabah and Fatir
  • Surah Yaseen is similar to the two prior surahs that is sabah and fatir but it takes a different tone it starts off heavily talking about Prophet of Muhammad SalAllahu aleyhi wasallam.
  • Virtues of Surah Yaseen : There is a difference of opinion on the authenticity of the ahadiths but the majority of scholars agree on two virtues
    a) Prophet said Yaseen is the heart of the Qur’an and I want it to be in the hearts of every believing muslim.
    b) It is universally accepted by people – from shuyooks to a lay man – Recite Yaseen upon the your dying to ease their pain.
  • Surah Fatir ends on a very strong note – Allah mentions in Ayaah 42

Waaqsamoo billahi jahda aymanihimla-in jaahum natheerun layakoonunna ahda minihda al-omami falamma jaahum natheerunma zadahum illa nufoora
And they swore by Allah their strongest oaths that if a warner came to them, they would be more guided than [any] one of the [previous] nations. But when a warner came to them, it did not increase them except in aversion.
{35:42}

  • Surah Yaseen begins with ya-seen known as Al-Muqattaat i.e. the abbreviated letters or the disjointed letters.

Of all the explanations given by various scholars, the one which is authentic and also supported by Tafsir of Ibne-Kathir, Zamakshari and Ibne-Taiymiyah is the following:

The human body is composed of various fundamental elements that are found in nature. Clay and dust are composed of the same fundamental elements. Yet it would be absurd to say that a human being is exactly the same as the dust.

We can all have access to the elements that are found in the human body, and add a few gallons of water, which is the constitution of the human body. We know the elements in the human body and yet we are at a loss when asked the secret of life.

Similarly the Qur’an addresses those people who reject its Divine authority. It tells them that this Qur’an, is in your own language, and over which the Arabs took pride. It is composed of the same letters that the Arabs used to express themselves most eloquently.

The Arabs were very proud of their language and Arabic was at its peak when the Qur’an was revealed. With the letters Alif Laam Meem, Yaa Seen, Ha-Meem, etc., (in Engllish we would say A, B, C, D) the Qur’an challenges mankind to produce a Surah at least somewhat similar to the Qur’an in beauty and elegance, if they doubt its authenticity.

Initially, the Qur’an challenges all the men and jinn to produce a recital like the Qur’an and adds that they would not be able to do it even if they backed each other. This challenge is mentioned in Surah Isra chapter 17 verse 88 and in Surah Tur chapter 52 verse 34.

Later the Qur’an repeats the challenge in Surah Hud chapter 11 verse 13 by saying produce ten surahs like it and later in Surah Yunus chapter 10 verse 38 produce one surah like it and finally the easiest challenge is given in Surah Al-Baqarah chapter 2 verses 23 and 24.

“And if ye are in doubt as to what We have revealed from time to time to Our servant, then produce a Surah like thereunto; and call your witnesses or helpers (if there are any) besides Allah if your doubts are true.

But if ye cannot – and of a surety ye cannot – then fear the fire whose fuel is men and stones – which is prepared for those who reject faith.”
[Al-Qur’an 2:23-24]

To compare the skill of two artisans, they must be given samples of the same raw material and their performance evaluated in performing the same task. If they are tailors they must be provided with the same fabrics. The raw materials of the Arabic language are these letters Alif Laam Meem, Ya Seen (in English it is A, B, C, D, etc.) The miraculous nature of the language of the Qur’an does not lie only in the fact that it is the Word of Allah, but also in the fact that although made up of the same letters in which the pagan Arabs took pride, it has not been rivalled.

The Arabs are noted for their rhetoric ability, eloquence and meaningful expression. Just as the constituents of the human body are known to us and can be obtained by us, the letters comprising the Qur’an, such as Alif Laam Meem are known to us, and used frequently to formulate words. Life cannot be created by us, even if we possess knowledge of the constituents of the human body. Similarly we cannot capture the same eloquence and beauty of expression that we find in the Qur’an, despite knowing the letters that constitute the Qu’ran. The Qur’an thus proves its Divine origin.

  • The Muqattaat also makes us attentive through their pronunciation – And in every surah that they are mentioned the verse that follows it talks about the Holy Qur’an, hence calling our attention towards it.
  • The best way to deal with the muqattaat is to consider them and their meaning known to Allah only – apart from that attitude, we can consider them to be one of the miracle of Qur’an – In being unique.
  • FRAME WORK OF SURAH YASEEN : Apart from the exhibiting the meccan surah characteristics of imaan, belief and faith – it’s a very philosophical surah it focuses on mental basic ideas and philosophies of human life-reason for existence-purpose of life-gratefulness and requirements of being grateful.
  • PARTS OF SURAH YASEEN : The first part of the surah is a consolation to prophet that you are a prophet from Allah what you are doing is correct and don’t pay attention to the mushrikeen (the non-believers) , the second part talks about  lessons for the Quraish-it gives account of past and how other ummahs rejected their prophets and how the Quraish are rejecting prophet SalAllahu aleyhi wasallam!-a reminder for Quraish and the detractors of prophet, the third part talks about beauty of Allah’s creation-the sun, the moon, the oceans-the sky, the fourth part talks about when the message is delivered and people refuse to believe what ends up happening with them, the fifth part talks about day of judgement what wil happen to those who believe and those who disbelieve, in the 6th and last part Allah warns those who have all faculties and refuse to believe-Allah sends them one last warning-the surah ends with addressing prophet on his task that is to deliver the message to those who belief and leave those who don’t.
  • VERSE 1: YASEEN We have covered it already under the head al muqattaat.
  • VERSE 2: WALQUR-ANI ALHAKEEM

Normally the letter  “waw” means AND but here it means an OATH-Quran from it roots means to “read/recite something” – the way Qur’an ends with the “aaan” sound means abundance – hence Qur’an means something that is “Recited In Abundance”. Hakim can mean All Wise or a second meaning which comes from hukum which means authoritative – Then which one does it actually mean? It means both! This is the part of the beauty of Qur’an one word in Qur’an can have multiple meanings – that’s the depth and eloquence of Quran – the principle of eloquence of the Qur’an that deals with it is called tawassu’ fee ma’na fil qur’anil kareem (the vastness in meaning).Qur’an is very authoritative and wise – Qur’an is miraculous for many many reasons- gives us prophesies, coz of its language, unmatched in eloquence – though the most prominent miracle is its WISDOM-how profound it is-it tells how to live your life and how to live an exactly successful life-Quran is the cure for whatever problem the humanity has – Ash-Shifa (A cure)

  • After swearing by the wise Qur’an He tells in the next verse VERSE 3 : INNAKA LAMINA ALMURSALEEN he swt is swearing by the qur’an that YOU ARE THE MESSENGER.
  • Whenever you find “kaaf” it means “you” whenever  you find a singular second person address in the Qur’an Allah is saying you in the singular form that is referring to the prophet salAllahu aleyhi wasallam – When he says “innaka” – inna means to remove doubt – to put emphasis – there shud remain no doubt – “la” is used for more emphasis
    “that most definitely you are most definitely from the mursaleen”. “min” here means from. “Mursaleen” comes from the root word irsaal  which means to send somebody from a higher authority – rasool comes from the same word – Because they bring the message from the ultimate higher authority Allah – So When you say RASOOL you are automatically connecting it to someone who has been sent from ALLAH!!
  • Allah is confirming it to the prophet that you are no doubt from the group of people who have been send from the higher authority (Allah) with a message. Allah is creating a connection by swearing by Qur’an and connecting prophet – coz a time will come where people will accept Qur’an but reject the prophet – Swearing by the Qur’an is KASAM and linking prophet is JAWAAB UL KASAM i.e., the oath and the reason for linking the oath. A very profound relationship grammatically.
  • It’s also a consolation that he is not the first to do this job – to spread the message to be rejected – Esa, Adam, Moosa all went through it – you are a part of this brotherhood – thus making it easy for the prophet – giving a sense of hope and emotional consolation – that there are other people with me in this struggle.
  • Firstly the prophet is connected to Allah and secondly he has this brotherhood and hence he is NOT ALONE.
  • VERSE 4 : AAALA SIRATIN MUSTAQEEM

“Alaa” means on top of and “siraat” means path – the word siraat means path but there is also another word in Qur’an in arabic which also means path “SABEEL” the difference between sirat and sabeel is – siraat has no plural – sabeel has a plural “subr” – so when Allah talks about guidance imaan, belief he uses only one word siraat coz there is only one emaan, one guidance, one deen – but when he talks abot charity he uses sabeel – feelsabeelillah-coz there are many ways to give charity. “Mustaqeem” means straight – upright! Direct! Its is the quickest direct path to the pleasure of Allah swt. Secondly its upright ,its noble – deen has nobility – there is nothing unworthy or disgusting in it- it’s a very noble way of living life.

  • The word Alaa is a beautiful preposition on top of the straight path and upon the straight path – the imagery is beautiful – the scholars say its like boarding a train – once u get on sirat tul mustaqeem it’s a striaght beautiful ride – you hav to get in line, get the ticket n get on the train – if u can put that little bit of effort n board the train everything is inshaAllah easy from there on.
  • Here Alaa SIRATIN MUSTAQEEM min is in its “ proper form” – its “common form” is SIRATAL MUSTAQEEM – the reason why proper form is used here is when you create something in its proper form it creates diversity gives it multiple meaning – you the prophet are inviting to the straight path- quran is calling people to straight path – Allah is inviting you to the straight path through Qur’an – you see how through different ways everyone is calling towards the straight path?


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