Surah Al Mulk – (Verses 1-15)
Importance of Surah Al Mulk
1) The Prophet (saws) said, “There is a surah in the Qur’an which is only thirty verses. It defended whoever recited it , until it puts him into paradise i.e. Surah al Mulk” [Fath al Qadir 5/257, Sahihul Jamiea 1/680, Tabrani in Al-Awsat & Ibn Mardawaith]
2) The Prophet (saws) said, “Surah al Mulk is the protector from the torment of the grave” [Sahihul Jamiea 1/680, Hakim 2/498 & Nasai]
3) Jabir (raa) said it was the custom of the Prophet (saws) not to go to sleep until he had read Tabarakalladhi Biyadihil Mulk (i.e. Surah Mulk) and Alif Laam Meem Tanzeel. [Ahmad, Tirmidhi and Darami]
4) Anas (raa) reported Rasulullah (saws) as saying, “There is a Surah which will plead for its reciter till it causes him to enter paradise (Tabarakalladhi Biyadihil Mulk).” [Tabrani]
5) It was narrated that Abdullah ibn Mas’ood said: Whoever reads Surah al-Mulk every night, Allah will protect him from the torment of the grave. At the time of the Messenger of Allah (saws) we used to call it al-maani’ah (that which protects). In the Book of Allaah it is a soorah which, whoever recites it every night has done very well. [Sunan An-Nasa’i]
6) Ibn Abbas (may Allah be pleased with him) narrated that the Messenger of Allah (may Allah bestow peace and blessings upon him) said, “I wish that “Blessed is the Dominion” would be in the heart of every believer.” (Al-Hakim in Al-Mustadrak 1/253 and Qurtabi in his commentary 17/205.)
7) Ibn Abbas (may Allah be pleased with them) narrates that the Messenger of Allah (may Allah bestow peace and blessings upon him) said, “It is a protector; a rescuer; saving from the chastisement of the grave.” (At-Tirmidhi and Al-Hakim.)
- Surah Al Mulk means “The Kingdom” or “The Dominion”.
- The 67th Surah in the Mushaf and consists of 30 Verses.
- It is the first surah in 29th Juzz or Parah, in other words 29th Juzz or Parah begins with Surah Al Mulk.
- Al Mulk is majorly a Meccan Surah and focuses on themes of
2. Responsibility of ones actions.
3. Day of Judgement.
Names of Allah Learnt
- Al Qadeer : The All Powerful/ The All Competent/ Determiner of everything.
- Malik Al Mulk : The Owner of All.
- Al Azeez : The Victorious / The Mighty.
- Al Ghafoor / Al Ghaffar : The Forgiving.
- Al Alim / Al Aleem : All Knowing.
- Al Latif / Al Lateef : The Subtle One / The Most kind or Courteous.
- Al Khabr / Al Khabeer : The All Aware / The Well Acquainted / The Ever Cognizant.
10 Arabic Words Memorized
- Kulli – Every.
- Khalaqa – Created.
- Mawta – Death.
- Hayata – Life.
- Amalan – (in) deed.
- Samawatin – Heavens.
- Ma – not.
- Adhaba – Punishment.
- Jahannama – (of) hell.
- Kullama – Everytime.
Gist (Verses 1-15)
Allah attributes complete power and control over everything to Himself (humble yourself and reflect over this point). He created life and death to test us. Allah talks about 7 layers of the heavens and how flawless His creation is. We learn how hell fire is the destination of disbelievers and how abhorrently terrible it is. It is in Surah Al Mulk that we learn how the keepers of the hell will question the disbelievers if no warner came to guide them to the righteous path. They reply back in positive saying a warner did come but they took no heed. They then lament over their denial and admit to their sins.
Allah comforts the believers with His forgiveness and tells them how He knows what their hearts conceal. He subhanahu wa’talaa posses a rhetoric question in the 14th Verse. In the 15 Verse The Earth is mentioned as a blessing for us to walk and eat from, it ends with a reminder about the resurrection.
Facebook Group Link : https://www.facebook.com/groups/170266216479756/
For Detailed Study:
1. Bayyinah’s Podcast – http://podcast.bayyinah.com/2010/08/23/67-mulk-pt-1/
2. Tafseer Ibn Kathir – http://www.qtafsir.com/
3. Book by Shaykh Bilal Phillips – http://www.darussalam.com/p1433/Tafsir-Surah-Al-Mulk-by-Dr.-Abu-Ameenah-Bilal-Philips/product_info.html