Bayyinah Tv / Ramadan(Day 5+6) – Surah Al-Jumu`ah {Ayahs 1-2}

Ustadh Nouman Ali Khan

Days 5 and 6 of the Ramadan 2013 Program bring the first of five parts of Surah Al-Jumuah, the first of the 3 Musabbihat. Don’t forget to memorize the ayat as you watch the videos!

NOTES / GEMS

1. Surat Jumu’ah is probably one of the most deepest surahs of the Musabbihat Series. It summarizes the struggle of prophet salallahu aleyhi wasallam in a very comprehensive way. The name is Surat Jumu’ah because the end of the surah contains a passage about the importance of friday prayer (the only passage about friday prayer in the qur’an).

2. Everything in the surah revolves around the second ayah of the surah. The friday congregational prayer is of paramount importance in getting the mission of prophet accomplished.

It is He who has sent among the unlettered a Messenger from themselves reciting to them His verses and purifying them and teaching them the Book and wisdom – although they were before in clear error.
{Surat Al Jumu’ah 62: Verse 2}

3. The surah begins with the praise of Allah like all the Musabbihat suwar do. In “Ma-fissamawati” – Ma is used to describe the unknown. There are many things we know of in the sky and on the earth but at the same time there are many things we don’t know about, that is where the usage of “ma” comes into place. Here “Allathee/Al Lazi” can be used as well but “Ma” is used because there is so much you dont know about the earth and all of it whether you know it or not are continuously declaring Allah’s perfection.

4. Fawasil: A term coined to describe the ending of the ayaat. Mufassiroon (Interpreters and commentators of Qur’an) coined this term and it became popular. It’s singular form is “Fasila”. Fawasil usually have 2 names of Allah. But in Surat Al Jumu’ah there are 4 names of Allah:
a) Al Malik,
b) Al Quddoos,
c) Al Azeez,
d) Al Hakeem.

5. The mentioning of 4 names in the fawasil of Surat Jumu’ah is kinda curious because thats not usually the case in the qur’an. The previous Musabbiha had only 2 names
a) Al Azeez,
b) Al Hakeem.

6. Al Malik means Sovereign (It is different from Maalik = Owner. Maalik is a micro term and Malik is a Macro term). You can be the Maalik of a pen but not the Malik of a pen. Malik is used for grand terms. Allah is the THE KING – He swt is mentioning his kingship. When you enter a kingdom you see flags,statues and signs of kingship.

7. Next name Allah mentions is Al Quddoos. It comes from the word “quds” which means purity. And it is used specifically in the sense of spiritual purity. Quds is different from Tazkiyah and Zakaat (zakaat also means purity). Zakaat is a purity that is attained, we have money but our money is not pure until we give zakaat. We engage in the act of tazkiyah because without tazkiyah we are impure.
Ex : Good deeds are a form of tazkiyah.
But “QUDS” is something that is inherently pure, it was not purified. The extremely pure – some imply that it is the source of all purity, the source of all things that are pure.

The more you clean the concept of Allah you have the more your insides start getting cleaner,meaning your soul.

8. The holy lands are also called “Al Quds”. They are inherently pure.

9. Al Azeez is Ultimate authority, it combines 2 meanings. Essentially Azeez is the combination of 2 things “RESPECT & AUTHORITY”.One mistake most translators make is they translate azeez as all mighty but thats actually Al Qawiyy. Then finally Al Hakeem which means The Wise. Al Hakeem is same as Al Azeez. Both Azeez and Hakeem are Fa’eel, they are Ism Sifa, they are constants. The one permanently worthy of respect and permanently in the position of authority. The one who is all wise. Hakeem is a fa’eel from Hikam. Hakeem means ruler not just wise. So Hakeem implies someone who is the possessor of constant rule and wisdom. 

10. The verse praises and talks about Allah’s might. The next talks about prophet salallahu aleyhi wasallam. This surah is different in this aspect as well from all the other musabbihat. In other musabbihat Allah talks about himself in first verse and then makes a demand or criticizes humanity. The pattern is declaration of Allah’s might and then criticism of humanity. But in this surah after Allah mentions Himself he beautifully mentions the prophet salallahu aleyhi wasallam.

11. Allah changed the criticism of jews to the praise of prophet. 🙂
Jews criticized him of being unlettered. So Allah made prophet someone who will read the word or message of Allah to the people.

12. IMPORTANT : Reading is fundamentally different from speaking. There is a clear difference between reading and speaking. Especially if you know someone. Even if you cant see the person you can clearly tell if he is “reading” or “speaking”. People who know you and are used to listening to how you talk may go “thats not how he usually talks”. Prophet salallahu aleyhi wasallam has been speaking to the Meccans for 40 years! But when revelation comes he is reading, what he is saying is not his own words. 

13. Some citations (not sure how sound) of Ibn Ishaq say that prophet salallahu aleyhi wasallam said “ka annahu maqtooba ala qalbi – As though the quran was written onto my heart”. That is as if the qur’an was revealed onto the heart of prophet. You and I read with our eyes and the implication is prophet reads from his heart. Its not literal its an analogy.

Nazala bihi arroohu al-ameen
AAala qalbika litakoona mina almunthireen
The Trustworthy Spirit has brought it down
Upon your heart, [O Muhammad] – that you may be of the warners
{Surat Ash Shu’ara 26: 193-194}

14. Prophet salallahu aleyhi wasallam was not shown a paper and asked to read, he was grabbed he was shaken and he was told to read, so where is he reading from? So its different from reading from the eyes, he is reading from revelation he receives in his heart.

15. There is a difference between the linguistics of qur’an and that of hadith. Quran is the word of Allah literally. Hadith is actually the teachings of Allah but the words are chosen by prophet salallahu aleyhi wasallam. Hadith is divine wisdom but the prophet salallahu aleyhi wasallam put it in his own words. The words are not Allah’s, the words are prophet salallahu aleyhi wasallam’s. This applies even to hadith qudsi. Its like quoting and paraphrasing. Qur’an is quoting Allah and hadith is paraphrasing Allah.

62:1-2

Advice to Huffadh

  1. Salaf – The one who has memorized the Qur’an more and acted upon it more is better, than the one who has memorized Qur’an less and acted upon it less.
  2. Narrated `Uthman radiallahu anhu :The Prophet (salallahu aleyhi wasallam) said, “The best among you (Muslims) are those who learn the Qur’an and teach it.”[Bukhari]
  3. Gadgets and technology are good but one needs to have personal attachment,love and respect for her own mushaf. The barakah that your mushaf brings is unparalleled with the technology. 
  4. Allah does not want you to lose the physical relationship with your mushaf or qur’an – after becoming a hafidh you need to take this relationship to a higher level.
  5. Beginning matters – memorize properly with tajweed in the beginning. Memorize at a slow pace – changing your style after the completing the hifdh of qur’an is difficult.
  6. Avoid Music – Abdullah Ibn Masud radiallahu anhu, a companion of the Prophet salallahu aleyhi wasallam said, “The love of the Quran and the love of music cannot combine in the heart of a believer.”
  7. Revise-Revise-Revise! As if you are reciting in the taraweeh. Memorizing is not a challenge – keeping it memorized is the challenge. Narrated Ibn `Umar radiallahu anhu: Allah’s Messenger (salallahu aleyhi wasallam) said, “The example of the person who knows the Qur’an by heart is like the owner of tied camels. If he keeps them tied, he will control them, but if he releases them, they will run away.”[Bukhari]
  8. Joy is beyond explanation – Of knowing the entire qur’an byheart. Of reciting it whenever you want without having to cross-check it.
  9. Productivity – Set a goal,DATE IT and be consistent with it.
  10. Read it where ever you are – Even when you are in the car – LOL!
  11. Get a learned Teacher – Someone who’s been there done that. For guidance, support and motivation. Tips and tricks you would not have known otherwise.
  12. Always listen to the advice of your teachers.
  13. Why memorize the qur’an? Because qur’an becomes so much more enjoyable – HAQQ!! ❤ ❤
  14. Its interesting – It engages the body and soul. You need a teacher, qur’an memorization is not like riding a bike! Qur’an comes with the “talaqqi” – you receive it from somebody. It was from the very beginning received from somebody.

    Wa-innaka latulaqqa alqur-anamin ladun hakeemin AAaleem,
    And indeed, [O Muhammad], you receive the Qur’an from one Wise and Knowing.
    [Surat An Naml 27:Verse 6]

  15. Clarify your intention – Abdullah ibn Abbas radiallahu anhu said “the portion of the qur’an that a person has truly memorized is the portion he or she has memorized for the sake of Allah”. SOLELY FOR THE SAKE OF ALLAH
    Dont memorize for
    a) Fame
    b) Family Tradition or any other reason.
  16. Its all about respect – Show respect to knowledge and the sources of that knowledge. Greatest source of knowledge for us is OUR TEACHER 🙂 🙂 🙂
  17. Never accept loss – Try as long as you have soul in your body.
  18. Allah will reward you for your struggle – You will be guided, the path will be made easy – bi’ithnillah.

    Wallatheena jahadoofeena lanahdiyannahum subulana
    And those who strive for Us – We will surely guide them to Our ways.
    [Surat Al Ankabut 29 : Verse 69]

  19. Look and read! (SubhanAllah personal reflection – this seriously helps a lot in memorization – you can literally see qur’an infront of your eyes when you recite). Spend majority of the time looking and reading it.

    ALWAYS REMEMBER YOU ARE MEMORIZING THE BOOK OF ALLAH FOR ALLAH

  20. Those who make attempt yet fail (meaning they die before completing the memorization) will be resurrected amongst the huffadh on the day of judgement.

Surat Ar – Rahman Hifdh Guide

Surat Ar Rahman

Bismillah

Surat Ar – Rahman is such an unpredictable surah to memorize, thought it was easy because of the refrain but it was not, it can get a bit confusing and tough towards the end.

Follow the “Productive & Easy Memorization of Ar Rahman” and this table.

Read my tafsir gist of Ar Rahman HERE, HERE, HEREHERE, HERE & HERE

Day/Week

Week 1

W-2

W-3

W-4

W-5

W-6

W-7

W-8

W-9

1

1Verse

1Verse

1Verse

1Verse

1Verse

1Verse

1Verse

1Verse

2Verses

2

2Verses

2Verses

2Verses

2Verses

2Verses

2Verses

2Verses

2Verses

2Verses

3

1Verse

1Verse

1Verse

1Verse

1Verse

1Verse

1Verse

1Verse

2Verses

4

2Verses

2Verses

2Verses

2Verses

2Verses

2Verses

2Verses

2Verses

Revise entire Surah

5

1Verse

1Verse

1Verse

1Verse

1Verse

1Verse

1Verse

1Verse

Revise entire Surah

6

2Verses

2Verses

2Verses

2Verses

2Verses

2Verses

2Verses

2Verses

Revise entire Surah

7

Revision /Tafsir of 9 Verses

Revision/Tafsir of 18 Verses

Revision /Tafsir of 27 Verses

Revision /Tafsir of 36 Verses

Revision /Tafsir of 45 Verses

Revision /Tafsir of 54 Verses

Revision /Tafsir of 63 Verses

Revision /Tafsir of 72 Verses

Revise entire Surah

Wrong = Memorizing 10 Verses in 1 day and not memorizing anything for next 2 weeks.
Right = Memorizing 1 Verse everyday and finishing 12 Verses in 2 weeks.

Narrated `Aisha رضى الله عنها: Allah’s Messenger صلى الله عليه وسلم  said, “Do good deeds properly, sincerely and moderately and know that your deeds will not make you enter Paradise, and that the most beloved deed to Allah is the most regular and constant even though it were little.”
(Bukhari 6646)

I memorized Surah Ar Rahman with the help of this software and followed the recitation of Mishary Al Afasy

SELF STUDY/HELP LINKS:
Ustadh Moutasem Al Hameedi – Tafseer Surah Ar Rahman Part 1 & Part 2
Ustadh Nouman’s Talk – Lessons From Surah Ar Rahman
Ustadh Nouman’s Talk – Qur’an your Companion  (An Added note this talk is so beneficial I have heard it nearly 4 times and every single time I am left with renewed vigor and zeal to study, memorize and teach Qur’an).
The Brother who Memorized Quran in – 2 months!
Tafsir Ibn Kathir of Surat Ar Rahman 

How does this group work?

Beautiful Quran
Ramadan Qur’an Memorization Challenge – GROUP LINK 

Bismillah

This is a long read, I pray Allah blesses every reader with patience.

DISCLAIMER: If you do not participate and update the team spreadsheet with your name and progress you will be deleted from this group. THIS GROUP IS NOT FOR SPECTATORS. Benefit, memorize, share your journey – find inspiration and be an inspiration for others – bi’ithnillah. Minimum participation calls for memorizing at least 3 ayahs every week – inshaAllah.

WARNING: If I notice creepy brothers making duas on the posts of sisters (MashaAllah, SubhanAllah, inna lillah and the sorts without actually participating) you will be deleted and banned for good – this group is not potential pious spouse hunting venue – this stringently applies for sisters as well. Please do not post links to your pages or random posts, they will not be approved. Only Qur’an related links and updates that will actually benefit all the members will be approved. If you are too shy or too arrogant this group is not for you. Too shy to participate and too arrogant to work and compete in a healthy manner.

~~~
Let’s begin with some inspiration 🙂

Walaqad yassarna alqur-ana liththikrifahal min muddakir
And We have certainly made the Qur’an easy for remembrance, so is there any who will remember?
{Surat Al Qamar 54:17}

“Verily, Allah the Exalted has people from among mankind, and the people of the Quran are the People of Allah, and His Chosen Ones.”
{ Abu Dawood}

“Recite the Quran, for verily it will come on the Day of Judgment as an intercessor for those who recited it.”
{Muslim}

“The one who recites the Quran proficiently will be with the honorable and obedient scribes (the angels)…”
{Muslim}

“No people gather in a house of the houses of Allah, reciting the Book of Allah and studying it among themselves, except that tranquility descends upon them, mercy covers them, the angels surround them, and Allah mentions them to those who are with Him (the lofty gathering of angels).”
{Muslim}

HOW DID THIS GROUP START?
This group began near Ramadan of 2013 (1434 Hijri). The initial aim was to finish memorizing (or try our best to finish memorizing) 5 Suwar (pl. of Surah) consisting of 397 verses in their entirety within the 30 days of Ramadan – with the target of memorizing 14 Verses everyday!
              A dozen dedicated members joined the initiative and strove hard to achieve it. As we progressed we realized a lot of our “strengths” and “weaknesses” – alhumdulillah. This differs for everyone something that is a strength for someone can be a weakness for the other. End result, for most of us 1 month was not enough time to finish this target. And hence this group is still continuing.

WHICH SUWAR ARE WE MEMORIZING?
We are Memorizing the following 5 suwar :
1. Surah Mulk (Protection from Punishment of Grave) – 30 Verses
2. Surah Ya-sin (Heart of the Quran) – 83 Verses
3. Surah Kahf (To recite every Friday) – 110 Verses
4. Surah Rahman (So that we never end up being ungrateful) – 78 Verses
5. Surah Waqiyah (Prevents from Poverty) – 96 Verses

HOW DO I START/PARTICIPATE ?
If you are new to this group we advice you start memorizing these 2 suwar first, before jumping on to any other based on the greater virtue these two hold. Although there is no hard and fast rule you can start with any of the 5 mentioned suwar.
a) Surah Al Mulk – 30 Verses
b) Surah Ya-seen – 83 Verses

The Quran continues to remind me why I’m a Muslim. This speech is Divine; the miracle, palpable; the ecstasy, inimitable.
-Shaykh Yasir Qadhi

WHAT NEXT ?
Once you have decided which surah you want to start with, find sisters or brothers to compete with from the group, ones memorizing the same surah based on the updates (compete for Allah’s pleasure).
           Keep updating us all with your progress (This is very important), atleast twice a week.

WHAT THIS GROUP IS NOT
This group is NOT a miracle group. Joining it does not guarantee your memorization of the Qur’an. Only 3 things guarantee your memorization
1. Hard Work
(From the very beginning understand this clearly that Qur’an memorization is tough in the “beginning” – though later with consistency it gets easy).
2. Sincerity
(Are you doing this to please Allah or please your peers? To show off how much you have memorized? If the intention is sincere Allah will aid you)
3. Consistency
( It is better to memorize 1 verse everyday and do it consistently than doing 15 verses one day and not memorizing anything for the entire week)

PLEASE SHARE THE LINKS THAT CAN HELP ME
~ Shaykh Yasir Qadhi’s “13 Steps to Memorize Qur’an”
~ Ustadh Nouman’s Talk – Qur’an your Companion  (An Added note this talk is so beneficial I have heard it nearly 4 times and every single time I rise up with a renewed vigour and zeal to study, memorize and teach Qur’an).
~ The Brother who Memorized Quran in – 2 months!
~ Productive & Easy Memorization of Surah Ar Rahman – Click Here

Websites that will aid your memorization
a) http://beta.quranexplorer.com/ (Watch Sister Nancy’s Video from our group)
b) http://www.houseofquran.com/quransys/qsys.html

INSPIRATIONAL VIDEOS / LINKS
1. Traveler with the Qur’an (This entire series is so extremely beautiful and amazing!) – Link
2. Blind Little Boy Memorized Qur’an – Link
3. Importance of Memorizing Qur’an (Imam Anwar Al Awlaki) – Link
4. Importance of Qur’an (Shaykh Ash Shinquitee) – Link
5. Should sisters cover their head whilst reciting Qur’an – http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=erOzcrohNL0
6. Memorizing Qur’an and the virtues of some surahs – http://islamqa.info/en/ref/6460
7. Importance of Understanding Qur’an (Shaykh Abdur Raheem Green) – Link

If you are up for the challenge fill this spreadsheet with your details and mark your progress. Make sure you use the same serial number in all spreadsheets – LINK

“Allah has sent down the best statement, a Book, its parts resembling each other in goodness and truth, oft-repeated. The skins of those who fear their Lord shiver from it. Then their skin and their heart soften to the remembrance of Allah. That is the guidance of Allah. He Guides therewith whom He pleases and whomever Allah sends astray, for him there is no guide.”
[Surat Az-Zumar 39: 23]

Easy & Productive Memorization of Surah Ar Rahman

Which of the favors of your lord will you deny?

 

As salamu aleycum wr wb everyone,
I was extremely excited and confident before I started memorizing Surah Ar -Rahman, I had previous knowledge that this surah consisted of a refrain that repeats itself 31 times and I was like yeahhh…! 🙂 this one is going to be no biggie! because I have 31 verses memorized already.
The reality was far from the above outburst of enthusiasm – the refrain is what makes it tough – as you memorize you get confused because there is so much repetition of a single verse.
I devised this table to make it easy for me – where by I will ensure effectively learning the rough translation from Quran.com plus memorizing this beautiful Surah – I am also studying it’s tafseer this Ramadan (if you are interested check out http://www.linguisticmiracle.com/).
I sincerely pray this benefits everyone who wants to memorize Surah Ar-Rahman. Follow this table and I pray Allah makes it easy for you – ameen.

For more curious minds: I use house of quran website and Shaykh Maher Al Muqaily’s recitation 🙂

Verse Number

Starts With?

Talks About?

1

Ar Rahmam

Allah’s Infinite Mercy

2

Allama

Quran

3

Khalaqa

Created Man

4

Allama

Speech and Eloquence

5

Ash Shamsu

Sun & Moon

6

Wannajmu

Stars & Trees

7

Wassama

Heaven & its Balance

8

Alla Tat

No Transgressing & Balance

9

Wa-aqee-moo

Justice & Balance

10

War Arda

Earth

11

Feeha

Fruit and Palm Trees

12

Wal-Habbu

Grain & Scented Husk

13

(Refrain) Fabbi

Remember Allah’s Favors

14

Khalaqa

Created man from Clay

15

Wakhalaqa

And jinn from smoke

16

(Refrain) Fabbi

Remember Allah’s Favors

17

Rabbu

Two East & West

18

(Refrain) Fabbi

Remember Allah’s Favors

19

Maraja

Two Seas

20

Baynahuma

Barrier & No Transgression

21

(Refrain) Fabbi

Remember Allah’s Favors

22

Yakhruju

Pearl & Coral

23

(Refrain) Fabbi

Remember Allah’s Favors

24

Walahu

Ships,Seas,Mountains

25

(Refrain) Fabbi

Remember Allah’s Favors

26

Kullu Man

Earth will perish

27

Wa – Yabqa

Only the face of Lord Remains

28

(Refrain) Fabbi

Remember Allah’s Favors

29

Yas – aluhu

Heaven & Earth

30

(Refrain) Fabbi

Remember Allah’s Favors

31

Sanaf rughu

Attending Jinn & Men

32

(Refrain) Fabbi

Remember Allah’s Favors

33

Ya Ma-Shara

Cannot Pass without Allah’s authority

34

(Refrain) Fabbi

Remember Allah’s Favors

35

Yursalu

Fire & Smoke

36

(Refrain) Fabbi

Remember Allah’s Favors

37

Fa-itha

Heaven Splits & Becomes Red

38

(Refrain) Fabbi

Remember Allah’s Favors

39

Fayawma

No Question about sin

40

(Refrain) Fabbi

Remember Allah’s Favors

41

Yu-rafu

Criminals & their marks

42

(Refrain) Fabbi

Remember Allah’s Favors

43

Hathihi

Hell & Criminals

44

Yatoofoona

Boiling Water

45

(Refrain) Fabbi

Remember Allah’s Favors

46

Waliman

2 Gardens for the fearful

47

(Refrain) Fabbi

Remember Allah’s Favors

48

Zawata

Spreading Branches

49

(Refrain) Fabbi

Remember Allah’s Favors

50

Feehima

2 Springs Flowing

51

(Refrain) Fabbi

Remember Allah’s Favors

52

Feehima

Every Fruit in pairs

53

(Refrain) Fabbi

Remember Allah’s Favors

54

Mutakki

Silk Brocade, Fruits hanging in the garden

55

(Refrain) Fabbi

Remember Allah’s Favors

56

Feehinna

Women untouched

57

(Refrain) Fabbi

Remember Allah’s Favors

58

Ka-anna-hunna

Rubies & Coral

59

(Refrain) Fabbi

Remember Allah’s Favors

60

Hal Jaza

Good for Good

61

(Refrain) Fabbi

Remember Allah’s Favors

62

Wamin

2 Gardens

63

(Refrain) Fabbi

Remember Allah’s Favors

64

Mudhammatan

Dark green in color

65

(Refrain) Fabbi

Remember Allah’s Favors

66

Feehima ayni

2 Springs Sprouting

67

(Refrain) Fabbi

Remember Allah’s Favors

68

Feehima fakiha

Fruit, Date Palm, Pomegranate

69

(Refrain) Fabbi

Remember Allah’s Favors

70

Feehinna

Good-Beautiful Women

71

(Refrain) Fabbi

Remember Allah’s Favors

72

Hoorun

Fair Beautiful Females

73

(Refrain) Fabbi

Remember Allah’s Favors

74

Lam Yatmith hunna

Untouched by Men or Jinn

75

(Refrain) Fabbi

Remember Allah’s Favors

76

Muttaki eena

Reclining on Cushion & Fine Carpets

77

(Refrain) Fabbi

Remember Allah’s Favors

78

Tabaraka

Owner of Majesty & Honor