Bayyinah Tv / Ramadan(Day 5+6) – Surah Al-Jumu`ah {Ayahs 1-2}

Ustadh Nouman Ali Khan

Days 5 and 6 of the Ramadan 2013 Program bring the first of five parts of Surah Al-Jumuah, the first of the 3 Musabbihat. Don’t forget to memorize the ayat as you watch the videos!

NOTES / GEMS

1. Surat Jumu’ah is probably one of the most deepest surahs of the Musabbihat Series. It summarizes the struggle of prophet salallahu aleyhi wasallam in a very comprehensive way. The name is Surat Jumu’ah because the end of the surah contains a passage about the importance of friday prayer (the only passage about friday prayer in the qur’an).

2. Everything in the surah revolves around the second ayah of the surah. The friday congregational prayer is of paramount importance in getting the mission of prophet accomplished.

It is He who has sent among the unlettered a Messenger from themselves reciting to them His verses and purifying them and teaching them the Book and wisdom – although they were before in clear error.
{Surat Al Jumu’ah 62: Verse 2}

3. The surah begins with the praise of Allah like all the Musabbihat suwar do. In “Ma-fissamawati” – Ma is used to describe the unknown. There are many things we know of in the sky and on the earth but at the same time there are many things we don’t know about, that is where the usage of “ma” comes into place. Here “Allathee/Al Lazi” can be used as well but “Ma” is used because there is so much you dont know about the earth and all of it whether you know it or not are continuously declaring Allah’s perfection.

4. Fawasil: A term coined to describe the ending of the ayaat. Mufassiroon (Interpreters and commentators of Qur’an) coined this term and it became popular. It’s singular form is “Fasila”. Fawasil usually have 2 names of Allah. But in Surat Al Jumu’ah there are 4 names of Allah:
a) Al Malik,
b) Al Quddoos,
c) Al Azeez,
d) Al Hakeem.

5. The mentioning of 4 names in the fawasil of Surat Jumu’ah is kinda curious because thats not usually the case in the qur’an. The previous Musabbiha had only 2 names
a) Al Azeez,
b) Al Hakeem.

6. Al Malik means Sovereign (It is different from Maalik = Owner. Maalik is a micro term and Malik is a Macro term). You can be the Maalik of a pen but not the Malik of a pen. Malik is used for grand terms. Allah is the THE KING – He swt is mentioning his kingship. When you enter a kingdom you see flags,statues and signs of kingship.

7. Next name Allah mentions is Al Quddoos. It comes from the word “quds” which means purity. And it is used specifically in the sense of spiritual purity. Quds is different from Tazkiyah and Zakaat (zakaat also means purity). Zakaat is a purity that is attained, we have money but our money is not pure until we give zakaat. We engage in the act of tazkiyah because without tazkiyah we are impure.
Ex : Good deeds are a form of tazkiyah.
But “QUDS” is something that is inherently pure, it was not purified. The extremely pure – some imply that it is the source of all purity, the source of all things that are pure.

The more you clean the concept of Allah you have the more your insides start getting cleaner,meaning your soul.

8. The holy lands are also called “Al Quds”. They are inherently pure.

9. Al Azeez is Ultimate authority, it combines 2 meanings. Essentially Azeez is the combination of 2 things “RESPECT & AUTHORITY”.One mistake most translators make is they translate azeez as all mighty but thats actually Al Qawiyy. Then finally Al Hakeem which means The Wise. Al Hakeem is same as Al Azeez. Both Azeez and Hakeem are Fa’eel, they are Ism Sifa, they are constants. The one permanently worthy of respect and permanently in the position of authority. The one who is all wise. Hakeem is a fa’eel from Hikam. Hakeem means ruler not just wise. So Hakeem implies someone who is the possessor of constant rule and wisdom. 

10. The verse praises and talks about Allah’s might. The next talks about prophet salallahu aleyhi wasallam. This surah is different in this aspect as well from all the other musabbihat. In other musabbihat Allah talks about himself in first verse and then makes a demand or criticizes humanity. The pattern is declaration of Allah’s might and then criticism of humanity. But in this surah after Allah mentions Himself he beautifully mentions the prophet salallahu aleyhi wasallam.

11. Allah changed the criticism of jews to the praise of prophet. 🙂
Jews criticized him of being unlettered. So Allah made prophet someone who will read the word or message of Allah to the people.

12. IMPORTANT : Reading is fundamentally different from speaking. There is a clear difference between reading and speaking. Especially if you know someone. Even if you cant see the person you can clearly tell if he is “reading” or “speaking”. People who know you and are used to listening to how you talk may go “thats not how he usually talks”. Prophet salallahu aleyhi wasallam has been speaking to the Meccans for 40 years! But when revelation comes he is reading, what he is saying is not his own words. 

13. Some citations (not sure how sound) of Ibn Ishaq say that prophet salallahu aleyhi wasallam said “ka annahu maqtooba ala qalbi – As though the quran was written onto my heart”. That is as if the qur’an was revealed onto the heart of prophet. You and I read with our eyes and the implication is prophet reads from his heart. Its not literal its an analogy.

Nazala bihi arroohu al-ameen
AAala qalbika litakoona mina almunthireen
The Trustworthy Spirit has brought it down
Upon your heart, [O Muhammad] – that you may be of the warners
{Surat Ash Shu’ara 26: 193-194}

14. Prophet salallahu aleyhi wasallam was not shown a paper and asked to read, he was grabbed he was shaken and he was told to read, so where is he reading from? So its different from reading from the eyes, he is reading from revelation he receives in his heart.

15. There is a difference between the linguistics of qur’an and that of hadith. Quran is the word of Allah literally. Hadith is actually the teachings of Allah but the words are chosen by prophet salallahu aleyhi wasallam. Hadith is divine wisdom but the prophet salallahu aleyhi wasallam put it in his own words. The words are not Allah’s, the words are prophet salallahu aleyhi wasallam’s. This applies even to hadith qudsi. Its like quoting and paraphrasing. Qur’an is quoting Allah and hadith is paraphrasing Allah.

62:1-2

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Bayyinah Tv / Ramadan – Day 3+4 – Surah Al Hadid Part 2

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Days 3 and 4 of the Ramadan 2013 Program bring the second of two parts of an exclusive session conducted by Ustadh Nouman Ali Khan on Surah Al-Hadid, which will set the stage for the Musabbihat (3 special surahs) coming up as this month progresses.

NOTES / GEMS

1. Allah has full news of what you are upto.

2. Man tha allathee yuqriduAllaha qardan hasanan fayudaAAifahulahu walahu ajrun kareem – Who is it that would loan Allah a goodly loan so He will multiply it for him and he will have a noble reward? (Surat Al Hadid 57 : Verse 11) The “tha” in the above ayah means “is there anyone at all who will rise up to the occasion?” It implies that Allah azza ja wa jal is literally searching for someone like this.

Surat Al Hadid 57:11 3. After telling us, that Allah is the owner of everything and anything possible in the heavens and in the earth, why is Allah asking for a loan? Loan is given to someone who does not have anything right? ( After this question – Ustadh Nouman mentioned something so powerful I will be transcribing it word to word)

Why is Allah asking for a Loan? You have to understand this is a matter of integrity. INTEGRITY! In order to help you understand this,I will give you an example it is gonna hurt. Example– If my mother comes to me, my mother comes to me and says “beta can i borrow 100$? I promise, I will pay it back,I dont know when I will be able to pay it back but I promise I will pay you back, can I borrow just a 100$ please?”  If my mother had to say that to me,man…. if there was ever a time I would contemplate suicide that would be it. How insensitive and greedy and oblivious to the needs of my mother must I be and how greedy must she think I am that instead of telling me “give me a 100$!” she had to say what? “Let me borrow a 100$” and on top of that she had to say “I dont know when I will be able to pay you back but I promise you I will”. She must be talking like this because she thinks I am SO! greedy! I am SO! greedy! I dont even respect my mother enough – that she is asking me like this. Now Allah is asking the greedy Muslim who is holding onto his money like it is his and so Allah says to him okay you dont wanna let it go, atleast give me what? Give me a loan, I will pay you back.  The believer should hear these ayat… and.. YA ALLAH…. I am not that greedy… I will give.. I will give…

4. The loan to Allah is open ended, He azza wa jal will pay us back whenever He wants. We just need to trust Him subhanahu wa’atala that He will pay us back. Allah will give us back extra coupled with “noble ajar”.

5. What was happening when these verses were revealed? The companions were listening and crying (reflecting on the state of their emaan) and the prophet salallahu aleyhi wasallam is feeling bad for his companions. The believers are being scolded by prophet through the words of Allah (Qur’an).

6. ALLAH HONORS MUSLIM WOMEN PARTICULARLY IN THE QUR’AN!  
SubhanAllah and the haters say Muslim women are oppressed!?!
Surah Al Hadid 57 : Verse 12 Yawma tara almu/mineena walmu/minat
In this verse Allah is saying “Mumineen” and “Muminat”. Linguistically Mumineen means both male and female believers, then why did Allah mention muminat? Why dint He swt just say mumineen in the ayaat and proceed. Allah is highlighting muminat (Female believers particularly), in this way Allah is specially honoring Muslim Women! Allah is saying their level of emaan and stand might be different on the day of judgment (tears of joy!! 🙂 🙂 ) their struggles may be different. Allah is acknowledging that the struggles of Muslim women may be higher and different and so will be their stand on the day of judgement – subhanAllah!

7. The day of judgment is dark – we have to cross the bridge of sirat (everyone has to cross it -no exception) to reach to jannah our REAL HOME! – What will help us? The light that emanates because of the emaan in our hearts! (U.NAK reminds of how he earlier taught us that the only thing that matters is eeman in our hearts nothing else). Our Emaan/Faith will be converted to a torch lighting our path ahead towards jannah! (inshaAllah!)

Wa-in minkum illa wariduha – And there is none of you except he will come to it. [Surat Al Maryam 19:71]

8. Light will be running through our RIGHT HAND and our CHEST. Light from the RIGHT HAND will be because of our deeds and from our CHEST will be because of our emaan.Allah subhanahu wata’alaa never exclusively mentions light of hand or light of chest these two lights are always mentioned together.

9. MIND BLOWING GEM : So why is it that Allah mentions both the lights together “always”? Because it is impossible to have the light of emaan in your heart and to not make it obvious through actions/change/deeds. *pause here for some serious reflection* Example: Brother I have Eeman in my heart – I don’t pray though. See if this works for you on the judgement day. Because according to Qur’an you either have both or NOTHING!

10. For some of us the light will extend only for a few feet and for some it will run forward and be unlimited.

11. Allah congratulates the ones who make it to jannah. The word “jannatun” in Ayah 12 means that the people of jannah will be able to see “multiple gardens” which is possible only in jannah. In duniya we can never see more than one garden. You dont see just one property that belongs to you – YOU SEE MULTIPLE PROPERTIES TOGETHER! (Ust.NAK compares this with the man in surah Kahf who had 2 gardens and could see only 1 at a time). In surah Kahf its not Jannat.

12. On the day of judgment prophet will not be pained by the sight of munafiqeen, he will only be able to see the believers.

13. SCARY GEM : In this verse Allah highlights hypocritical women the way he praised the believing women (In verse 12). Allah is saying the hypocrisy,ego and emotions of hypocritical women is different than that of hypocritical men. It may be higher and their punishment might be greater and higher as well. Just the way Allah went out of the way to praise believing women he went out of the way to codemn hypocritical women. “Yawma yaqoolu almunafiqoona walmunafiqat – On the [same] Day the hypocrite men and hypocrite women” [Surat Al Hadid 57:13]

14. The disbelievers want to share the light of the believers but they will be told off and will be asked “to go back and seek light” (go back where? go back to duniya and see if you can find any light – this is said in a sarcastic way). All of your priorities+exhaustion and thoughts were about duniya, go and get your light from there!

15. Since the disbelievers cannot go back to duniya they try to catch up with the believers moving towards jannah and then suddenly a wall is dropped infront of them which has a “door”. The door is for people who will burn in hellfire for thousands for years and may be they had a little eeman, it is through this door that they will go back to jannah. This door might open for some eventually but they have to pay their price in hell.

16. One side of the wall is rahma (hidden side) and the other side is punishment (obvious side). The hypocrites call out to disbelievers for help through the wall.
Examples: Hey we went to the same masjid together, We played ball together why are you ditching us now.

17. The hypocrites did deeds they knew will take them away from Allah, they put themselves in fitna, they put themselves in questionable circumstances! They partied, they indulged in haraam stuff, they delayed their tawbah (Excuses:Ramadan is 3 months away man dont pester me, In Ramadan – it is not the 27th yet chill…, Don’t worry I am going to hajj next year cut me slack bro).

Alcohol and gambling are not just haraam, they are abominations and evils from the work of shaytan. Pork is haraam but they are not evil, they are just animals. Alcohol and gambling are evil!! Not every haraam is equal these are special haraam categories.

18. When you keep putting things to a later date shaytan fills you with delusions and false hopes. Until death comes and all the justifications and excuses disappear!!

19. In the akhira the munafiqoon (the hypocrite muslims) will be put in the same category as kafir (May Allah protect and guide us and keep us away from hypocrisy). No ransom will be accepted from the hypocrite believers or the unbelievers by Allah on the day of judgement.

Allah might possibly (not gauranteed He might out of his rehma) forgive other sins but shirk He will not forgive.

20. Allah is telling prophet that he will not forgive the hypocrites even if the prophet asks 70 times for their forgiveness. Munafiq is a kind of mushrik – he commits HIDDEN SHIRK.
a) Shirk in Tawakkul – His expectations are from other than Allah.
b) Shirk an Eemaani –   His hopes are from other than Allah.
c) Shirk ut-Taa’ah – His obedience is from other than Allah – he obeys himself and his desires and NOT ALLAH.

21. 16th ayah is the one I wanted to talk to you about – U.NAK
57:16

22. Hasnt the time come ALREADY?! Isnt it time right now?! LAM in the ayah means wasnt it it time right now – WHAT DOES THAT MEAN? It means you are already late!

Is it not time for those who claim to have eeman, that their hearts should over flow with tears? With overwhelming sense of awe and amazement? You should become humble and that power should drive you to remember Allah.

23. Time is already up. The time is RIGHT NOW to get back to Qur’an and Allah.

24. Our hearts should be filled with awe due to the remembrance of Allah. It also means the other way round our hearts should also be filled with awe because WE DID NOT remember Allah the way he deserved to be remembered.

The hearts of believers should flood with tears because of Qur’an. The believers should long for Qur’an. Our hearts should be filled with overwhelming sense of emotion that we have not connected with the Qur’an yet.

25. What came down i.e, qur’an is worthy of time and attention. It has rights over you. Qur’an is not just a casual read. It is going to come after you. You owe it. Every opportunity the believer gets to get closer to the Qur’an he/she if they have understood this ayah will take it.

26. Allah is telling us it’s time for us to stop acting like those who were given books before, the failed nations who had ritualistic and no real relation with their books. Our hearts are becoming like rocks – WHAT DOES THAT MEAN? Our hearts are becoming like rocks because we are acting like the previous nations. Those who had the books, who knew how to recite, they read it but never knew what it meant. Our hearts are becoming like rocks.

27. They had taurat and injeel but they did not benefit from it.
Similar examples of Muslims these days
a) Imam saab I have fever which surah should I recite?
b) Imam saab my daughter is getting married which surah should I recite after the DJ stops playing.
c) What dua should I make from the Qur’an if I am looking for a job?
Did Qur’an come for this?
Or did qur’an come to change us as human beings and to change our hearts and to get us closer to Allah azza wa jal??

28. We are hanging Qur’an in our homes, we are printing it on silk, we are having art exhibits. Blood was spilled for this book. What are we doing with it?!!! Now everything we do with qur’an has become ceremonial.

29. We celebrate when someone memorizes quran and few years down the line when he or she is an adult they still dont know what they are reciting. The one leading taraweeh doesn’t know what he is reciting what do you expect from the congregation?!

30. We are giving our kids artificial goals. The biggest goal in their life is to lead taraweeh.

Qur’an is not a trophy. Huffadh back in the day were called  “Hamil-e-Quran” =”Carriers of Qur’an” because they knew they were carrying a big responsibility.

31. This book will either testify “for” you and me on the judgement day or it will testify “against” us.

IMPORTANT: Download the podcasts and listen to them (http://podcast.bayyinah.com/) it will cost you just your time. At least your salaah will be better, you will know what you are reciting.

32. WHAT MAKES RAMADAN SPECIAL? It is not the pakore or the samose or the fasting. QUR’AN CAME IN IT! The first thing Allah said about ramadan is that qur’an came in it.

Narrated by Abidah al-Mulayki (ra) Allah’s Messenger (saws) said, “Do not make the Qur’an a pillow, but recite it as it deserves to be recited during the night and the day.  Recite it aloud, chant it,  and consider its contents, perhaps you may prosper;  but do not seek to obtain reward for it in this world, for it provides rewards.”
Al-Tirmidhi Hadith 2210

“When you start tasting the recitation of the Qur’an no music will take its place, you will not need to have a fatwa whether music is halal or haraam. Music will become just irrelevant to you because qur’an the divine melody the divine music revealed music that will just flow in your heart and you will never wanna whistle a tune again. Dive and pull out the pearls of Qur’an – so you can become people of success.”
– Ustadh Nouman Ali Khan

Ramadan Quran Memorization Challenge – Day 18

Ramadan Qur'an MemorizationSurah Al Wa’qiah (Verses 43 – 55)

Names of Allah Learnt

  • None

10 Arabic Words Memorized

  1. Min – Of.
  2. La – Not.
  3. Wala – And Not.
  4. Kanu – Were.
  5. Wakanu – And Were.
  6. Turaban – Dust.
  7. Qul – Say.
  8. Inna – Indeed.
  9. Yawmin – (of) a Day.
  10. Shajarin – (the) Fire.

Gist

Those who were handed their book of deeds in their left hand will be under the shade of a black smoke which will not be cold or comforting. Usually a dark black shade is considered a refuge or a protection but such will not be the case. Allah says these were the ones who used to spend offensively without giving a second thought about the poor and needy. These people indulged in shirk, since they never accepted Allah as one true lord they were oblivious of the accountability to their lord and to the needs of others. They used to question and doubt resurrection. They used to joke and mock the prophet salallahu aleyhi wasallam asking..
“Our earliest ancestors are going to be raised?”
Allah instructs prophet Muhammad to reply back to them and to tell them that yes indeed the first and the last of generations is going to be raised on an appointed day. On that day these evil people will be eating from the trees of Zaqqum – it is one of the special trees of the hellfire and they will be filling their stomachs with it.. (May Allah forgive and protect us – ameen ya rabbi!)
– ” Some ulema say that they will have multiple stomachs that Allah will give them to increase them in their torture.”
They will be drinking hot water like mad camels full of thirst.

Facebook Group Link : https://www.facebook.com/groups/170266216479756/

For Detailed Study
1. http://www.linguisticmiracle.com
2. Tafseer Ibn Kathir – http://www.qtafsir.com/

3. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=KFktoORYRlE

References
1. http://quran.com/56
2
http://corpus.quran.com/

3. http://www.arabacademy.com/en/downloads/Learn-Arabic-English-translation-of-99-names-of-Allah

Ramadan Quran Memorization Challenge – Day 17

Ramadan Qur'an MemorizationSurah Al Wa’qiah (Verses 28 – 42)

Names of Allah Learnt

  • None

10 Arabic Words Memorized

  1. Wa Ashabu – (And) the companions.
  2. Ma – What.
  3. Makhdudin – Thornless.
  4. Kathiratin – Abundant.
  5. La – Not.
  6. Wala – And Not.
  7. Inna – Indeed We.
  8. Abkaran – Virgins.
  9. Awalina – The former People.
  10. Akhirina – The Latter People.

Gist

Lotus trees are known to have alot of thorns but in jannah they wont have any. There will be a tree which will be filled with trees from top to bottom. (Before you on – pause and try to visualize this – SUBHAN ALLAH!)
These trees will provide large and extensive shades and we can hear the soothing sound of rivers and water flowing around.
The fruits there in will be extensive and varied. Allah mentions all fruits will be fresh and in Jannah there will be no forbidden fruit.
WHY IS FORBIDDEN FRUIT MENTIONED?
This teaches us 2 very important points
1. For Adam aleyhi salaam Jannah was a test.
2. When this all ends there will be no more tests.
Our beds, cushions and floors will be raised high. The spouses of Jannah are created in a unique form and they are virgins and previously unmarried. They will be devoted and flirtatious towards their husbands. They will be custom made to attract and retain the love of every man. The spouses will be of equal age and equal intellectual ability. All this is for the people who will be handed their book of deeds in their right hands.
There will be a large number of people from the former and latter generations.
Allah now tells us about the horrifying condition of the people who were handed their book of deeds in their left hands – the ones who failed their test, their fate will be terrible. They will be in
1. Fire.
2. Boiling Hot Water.
3. And in wind that is toxic and which makes you sick.

Facebook Group Link : https://www.facebook.com/groups/170266216479756/

For Detailed Study
1. http://www.linguisticmiracle.com
2. Tafseer Ibn Kathir – http://www.qtafsir.com/

3. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=KFktoORYRlE

References
1. http://quran.com/56
2
http://corpus.quran.com/

3. http://www.arabacademy.com/en/downloads/Learn-Arabic-English-translation-of-99-names-of-Allah

 

Ramadan Quran Memorization Challenge – Day 16

Ramadan Qur'an MemorizationSurah Al Wa’qiah (Verses 15 – 27)

Names of Allah Learnt

  • None

10 Arabic Words Memorized

  1. Ala – On
  2. Sururin – Thrones
  3. Wafakihatin – And Fruits
  4. Tayrin – (of) fowls
  5. Wahurun – And Fair ones
  6. Jazaan – A reward
  7. Salaman – Peace
  8. Illa – Except
  9. Laghwan – Vain Speech
  10. Tathiman – Sinful Speech

Gist

The ‘Sabiqun – The Fore runner’ will be lying on smooth, even beds with decor and embroidery on it. They will be leaning back and facing each other. Young enthusiastic boys who will never get old will be running around with all kinds of drinks and water. The best part about the drinks of Jannah and even its wine is, we wont lose our mind, get inebriated or feel drunk.
They will have an extensive choice of fruits and meat to eat from. Our tasting ability will not be set and limited as it is in this world, it will be extensive based on our desire. We will be able to customize our orders.
They will have beautiful wide – eyed spouses. Here we need to understand that the reality of jannah is different than our reality. It has that which no eye has seen. These spouses are a reward of the good they used to do, hidden for them like pearls. They will never hear any meaningless or evil conversation. They will be having peaceful conversations.
A BEAUTIFUL TRANSITION
In the Verse 8 and 9 – The words used for right and left hand companions is “maymanah” and “mash’ama”. But now for the same meaning (if you read translation its exactly the same!) a different word is used ‘Yameen’. Yameen is broader, a large population is now being talked about.

Facebook Group Link : https://www.facebook.com/groups/170266216479756/

For Detailed Study
1. http://www.linguisticmiracle.com
2. Tafseer Ibn Kathir – http://www.qtafsir.com/

3. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=KFktoORYRlE

References
1. http://quran.com/56
2
http://corpus.quran.com/

3. http://www.arabacademy.com/en/downloads/Learn-Arabic-English-translation-of-99-names-of-Allah

Ramadan Quran Memorization Challenge – Day 14

Ramadan Qur'an MemorizationSurah Ar Rahman ( Verses 71 – 80 )

Names of Allah Learnt

  • Al Jalali Wal Ikram – Owner of Majesty and Honor

Arabic Words Memorized

  1. Hurun – Fair ones.
  2. Fi – In
  3. Khiyami – The Pavilions.
  4. Lam – Not.
  5. Rafrafin – Cushions.

Gist

The Spouses will have dark, brilliant bright eyes and they will like being at home. They will be chaste and pure untouched by any man or jinn. They will all be reclining and sitting on fine carpets and green cushions. In the end of the verse Allah reminds us that blessed is His name –
WHICH NAME?
AR RAHMAN!! 
We are being reminded to not forget where this surah started from.

Facebook Group Link : https://www.facebook.com/groups/170266216479756/

For Detailed Study
1. http://www.linguisticmiracle.com/rahmaan
2. Tafseer Ibn Kathir – http://www.qtafsir.com/

3. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4PBRnTA43FE

References
1. http://quran.com/55
2
http://corpus.quran.com/

3. http://www.arabacademy.com/en/downloads/Learn-Arabic-English-translation-of-99-names-of-Allah

Ramadan Quran Memorization Challenge – Day 13

Ramadan Quran Memorization ChallengeSurah Ar Rahman ( Verses 57 – 70 )

Names of Allah Learnt

  • None

10 Arabic Words Memorized

  1. Insun – Any Man.
  2. Jannun – Any Jinn.
  3. Yaqutu – Rubies.
  4. Marjanu – Corals.
  5. Illa – But.
  6. Jaza-oo – (the) reward.
  7. Wanakhlun – And Date Palms.
  8. Wa rummanun – And Pomegranates.
  9. Khayratun – (are) good.
  10. Hisanun – and beautiful ones.

Gist

Apart from being beautiful and shy the spouses will be valuable like the rubies and the corals. Allah then asks us why would the reward of good be anything but good – meaning if we do good and righteous deeds we will be rewarded with an equally excellent reward. The other paradise (the better one) is described now, its way more greener. In this paradise the springs are “gushing” and not just “flowing” it is way more beautiful and intense. These gardens will have all kinds of fruits but pomegranate and date palms are particularly pointed out.
The spouses will be of good character as well. They will be perfect inwardly and outwardly – which is impossible in this world.

Facebook Group Link : https://www.facebook.com/groups/170266216479756/

For Detailed Study
1. http://www.linguisticmiracle.com/rahmaan
2. Tafseer Ibn Kathir – http://www.qtafsir.com/
3. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4PBRnTA43FE

References
1. http://quran.com/55
2
http://corpus.quran.com/
3. http://www.arabacademy.com/en/downloads/Learn-Arabic-English-translation-of-99-names-of-Allah