Bayyinah Tv / Ramadan(Day 5+6) – Surah Al-Jumu`ah {Ayahs 1-2}

Ustadh Nouman Ali Khan

Days 5 and 6 of the Ramadan 2013 Program bring the first of five parts of Surah Al-Jumuah, the first of the 3 Musabbihat. Don’t forget to memorize the ayat as you watch the videos!

NOTES / GEMS

1. Surat Jumu’ah is probably one of the most deepest surahs of the Musabbihat Series. It summarizes the struggle of prophet salallahu aleyhi wasallam in a very comprehensive way. The name is Surat Jumu’ah because the end of the surah contains a passage about the importance of friday prayer (the only passage about friday prayer in the qur’an).

2. Everything in the surah revolves around the second ayah of the surah. The friday congregational prayer is of paramount importance in getting the mission of prophet accomplished.

It is He who has sent among the unlettered a Messenger from themselves reciting to them His verses and purifying them and teaching them the Book and wisdom – although they were before in clear error.
{Surat Al Jumu’ah 62: Verse 2}

3. The surah begins with the praise of Allah like all the Musabbihat suwar do. In “Ma-fissamawati” – Ma is used to describe the unknown. There are many things we know of in the sky and on the earth but at the same time there are many things we don’t know about, that is where the usage of “ma” comes into place. Here “Allathee/Al Lazi” can be used as well but “Ma” is used because there is so much you dont know about the earth and all of it whether you know it or not are continuously declaring Allah’s perfection.

4. Fawasil: A term coined to describe the ending of the ayaat. Mufassiroon (Interpreters and commentators of Qur’an) coined this term and it became popular. It’s singular form is “Fasila”. Fawasil usually have 2 names of Allah. But in Surat Al Jumu’ah there are 4 names of Allah:
a) Al Malik,
b) Al Quddoos,
c) Al Azeez,
d) Al Hakeem.

5. The mentioning of 4 names in the fawasil of Surat Jumu’ah is kinda curious because thats not usually the case in the qur’an. The previous Musabbiha had only 2 names
a) Al Azeez,
b) Al Hakeem.

6. Al Malik means Sovereign (It is different from Maalik = Owner. Maalik is a micro term and Malik is a Macro term). You can be the Maalik of a pen but not the Malik of a pen. Malik is used for grand terms. Allah is the THE KING – He swt is mentioning his kingship. When you enter a kingdom you see flags,statues and signs of kingship.

7. Next name Allah mentions is Al Quddoos. It comes from the word “quds” which means purity. And it is used specifically in the sense of spiritual purity. Quds is different from Tazkiyah and Zakaat (zakaat also means purity). Zakaat is a purity that is attained, we have money but our money is not pure until we give zakaat. We engage in the act of tazkiyah because without tazkiyah we are impure.
Ex : Good deeds are a form of tazkiyah.
But “QUDS” is something that is inherently pure, it was not purified. The extremely pure – some imply that it is the source of all purity, the source of all things that are pure.

The more you clean the concept of Allah you have the more your insides start getting cleaner,meaning your soul.

8. The holy lands are also called “Al Quds”. They are inherently pure.

9. Al Azeez is Ultimate authority, it combines 2 meanings. Essentially Azeez is the combination of 2 things “RESPECT & AUTHORITY”.One mistake most translators make is they translate azeez as all mighty but thats actually Al Qawiyy. Then finally Al Hakeem which means The Wise. Al Hakeem is same as Al Azeez. Both Azeez and Hakeem are Fa’eel, they are Ism Sifa, they are constants. The one permanently worthy of respect and permanently in the position of authority. The one who is all wise. Hakeem is a fa’eel from Hikam. Hakeem means ruler not just wise. So Hakeem implies someone who is the possessor of constant rule and wisdom. 

10. The verse praises and talks about Allah’s might. The next talks about prophet salallahu aleyhi wasallam. This surah is different in this aspect as well from all the other musabbihat. In other musabbihat Allah talks about himself in first verse and then makes a demand or criticizes humanity. The pattern is declaration of Allah’s might and then criticism of humanity. But in this surah after Allah mentions Himself he beautifully mentions the prophet salallahu aleyhi wasallam.

11. Allah changed the criticism of jews to the praise of prophet. 🙂
Jews criticized him of being unlettered. So Allah made prophet someone who will read the word or message of Allah to the people.

12. IMPORTANT : Reading is fundamentally different from speaking. There is a clear difference between reading and speaking. Especially if you know someone. Even if you cant see the person you can clearly tell if he is “reading” or “speaking”. People who know you and are used to listening to how you talk may go “thats not how he usually talks”. Prophet salallahu aleyhi wasallam has been speaking to the Meccans for 40 years! But when revelation comes he is reading, what he is saying is not his own words. 

13. Some citations (not sure how sound) of Ibn Ishaq say that prophet salallahu aleyhi wasallam said “ka annahu maqtooba ala qalbi – As though the quran was written onto my heart”. That is as if the qur’an was revealed onto the heart of prophet. You and I read with our eyes and the implication is prophet reads from his heart. Its not literal its an analogy.

Nazala bihi arroohu al-ameen
AAala qalbika litakoona mina almunthireen
The Trustworthy Spirit has brought it down
Upon your heart, [O Muhammad] – that you may be of the warners
{Surat Ash Shu’ara 26: 193-194}

14. Prophet salallahu aleyhi wasallam was not shown a paper and asked to read, he was grabbed he was shaken and he was told to read, so where is he reading from? So its different from reading from the eyes, he is reading from revelation he receives in his heart.

15. There is a difference between the linguistics of qur’an and that of hadith. Quran is the word of Allah literally. Hadith is actually the teachings of Allah but the words are chosen by prophet salallahu aleyhi wasallam. Hadith is divine wisdom but the prophet salallahu aleyhi wasallam put it in his own words. The words are not Allah’s, the words are prophet salallahu aleyhi wasallam’s. This applies even to hadith qudsi. Its like quoting and paraphrasing. Qur’an is quoting Allah and hadith is paraphrasing Allah.

62:1-2

Surat Ar – Rahman Hifdh Guide

Surat Ar Rahman

Bismillah

Surat Ar – Rahman is such an unpredictable surah to memorize, thought it was easy because of the refrain but it was not, it can get a bit confusing and tough towards the end.

Follow the “Productive & Easy Memorization of Ar Rahman” and this table.

Read my tafsir gist of Ar Rahman HERE, HERE, HEREHERE, HERE & HERE

Day/Week

Week 1

W-2

W-3

W-4

W-5

W-6

W-7

W-8

W-9

1

1Verse

1Verse

1Verse

1Verse

1Verse

1Verse

1Verse

1Verse

2Verses

2

2Verses

2Verses

2Verses

2Verses

2Verses

2Verses

2Verses

2Verses

2Verses

3

1Verse

1Verse

1Verse

1Verse

1Verse

1Verse

1Verse

1Verse

2Verses

4

2Verses

2Verses

2Verses

2Verses

2Verses

2Verses

2Verses

2Verses

Revise entire Surah

5

1Verse

1Verse

1Verse

1Verse

1Verse

1Verse

1Verse

1Verse

Revise entire Surah

6

2Verses

2Verses

2Verses

2Verses

2Verses

2Verses

2Verses

2Verses

Revise entire Surah

7

Revision /Tafsir of 9 Verses

Revision/Tafsir of 18 Verses

Revision /Tafsir of 27 Verses

Revision /Tafsir of 36 Verses

Revision /Tafsir of 45 Verses

Revision /Tafsir of 54 Verses

Revision /Tafsir of 63 Verses

Revision /Tafsir of 72 Verses

Revise entire Surah

Wrong = Memorizing 10 Verses in 1 day and not memorizing anything for next 2 weeks.
Right = Memorizing 1 Verse everyday and finishing 12 Verses in 2 weeks.

Narrated `Aisha رضى الله عنها: Allah’s Messenger صلى الله عليه وسلم  said, “Do good deeds properly, sincerely and moderately and know that your deeds will not make you enter Paradise, and that the most beloved deed to Allah is the most regular and constant even though it were little.”
(Bukhari 6646)

I memorized Surah Ar Rahman with the help of this software and followed the recitation of Mishary Al Afasy

SELF STUDY/HELP LINKS:
Ustadh Moutasem Al Hameedi – Tafseer Surah Ar Rahman Part 1 & Part 2
Ustadh Nouman’s Talk – Lessons From Surah Ar Rahman
Ustadh Nouman’s Talk – Qur’an your Companion  (An Added note this talk is so beneficial I have heard it nearly 4 times and every single time I am left with renewed vigor and zeal to study, memorize and teach Qur’an).
The Brother who Memorized Quran in – 2 months!
Tafsir Ibn Kathir of Surat Ar Rahman 

Surat Al-Mulk Hifdh Guide

Screen Shot 2013-09-15 at 4.00.23 AM

Bismillah

DISCLAIMER : This method is not from the Sunnah. This is something that worked for me when I initially started memorizing Qur’an. I pray it works for you as well – bi’ithnillah.

Day/Week

Week 1

Week 2

Week 3

Week 4

Week 5

1

1 verse

1 verse

1 verse

1 verse

1 verse

2

1 verse

1 verse

1 verse

1 verse

1 verse

3

1 verse

1 verse

1 verse

1 verse

1 verse

4

1 verse

1 verse

1 verse

1 verse

1 verse

5

1 verse

1 verse

1 verse

1 verse

1 verse

6

1 verse

1 verse

1 verse

1 verse

1 verse

7

Revision /Tafsir of 6 Verses

Revision /Tafsir of 12 Verses

Revision /Tafsir of 18 Verses

Revision /Tafsir of 24 Verses

Revision/Tafsir of 30 Verses

It is of paramount importance that you keep reciting all the suwar (plural of surah) you have memorized. Also tafsir and a little word analysis goes a long way in helping to remember what the surah is about. The Qur’an “escapes” from the heart, if the Muslimah does not constantly and regularly review what she has memorized of it.

The Messenger of Allah صلى الله عليه وسلم  said: “The likeness of the one who memorizes the Qur’an is that of the owner of a hobbled camel. If he tends to it regularly, he will keep it, but if he lets it go, he will lose it.”
(Bukhari 5031)

If you are confident you can do better than this, raise the number of verses up a notch. Instead of 1 Verse you can make it 2 Verses. Although please do not over burden yourself. Small but consistent deeds are more beloved to Allah subhanahu wata’ala.

Wrong = Memorizing 10 Verses in 1 day and not memorizing anything for next 2 weeks.
Right = Memorizing 1 Verse everyday and finishing 12 Verses in 2 weeks.

Narrated `Aisha رضى الله عنها: Allah’s Messenger صلى الله عليه وسلم  said, “Do good deeds properly, sincerely and moderately and know that your deeds will not make you enter Paradise, and that the most beloved deed to Allah is the most regular and constant even though it were little.”
(Bukhari 6646)

I memorized Surah Al Mulk with the help of this software and followed the recitation of Saad Al Ghamadi

SELF STUDY/HELP LINKS :
My Mini Tafsir Notes on Surat Al Mulk Note 1 | Note 2
Shaykh Yasir Qadhi’s “13 Steps to Memorize Qur’an”
Ustadh Nouman’s TalkQur’an your Companion
(An Added note this talk is so beneficial I have heard it nearly 4 times and every single time I am left with renewed vigor and zeal to study, memorize and teach Qur’an).
The Brother who Memorized Quran in – 2 months!
H
ow to memorize Surah Al Mulk by Shaykh Hassan AliCLICK HERE